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Centre for Pathogen Evolution


The data on this page is available in a variety of formats. All of this data will be part of an organized, searchable database in the future.

273 strains. Influenza A/H3N2 data published in Smith et al. 2004. Science 305:371-376.

15,804 strains. Influenza A/H3N2 data published in Russell et al. 2008. Science 320:340-346.
Please contact Eugene Skepner eu to obtain the data

71, 11, 62, 54, 67, 55, 92 strains on various maps. Influenza A/H1N1pdm data published in Garten et al. 2009. Science 325:197-201.

Influenza A(H3N2) data published in Koel et al. 2013. Science 342:976-979


Influenza A/H3N2 data published in Smith et al. 2004. Science 305:371-376

To access the individual tables and merge of those tables that were composed to generate the data published in Smith et al, 2004, please register in the acmacs-web system.

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Please click here then click on the Sign Up link on that page if you would like to use alpha release of our web-based software for making and viewing antigenic maps. Note IE is not supported.

Key Publications

Derek J. Smith, Alan S. Lapedes, et al, (2004). Mapping the Antigenic and Genetic Evolution of Influenza Virus Science 305(5682):371-376.

Colin A. Russell, Terry C. Jones, et al, (2008). The Global Circulation of Seasonal Influenza A (H3N2) Viruses Science 320(5874):340-346.

Björn F. Koel, David F. Burke, et al, (2013). Substitutions Near the Receptor Binding Site Determine Major Antigenic Change During Influenza Virus Evolution Science 342(6161):976-979.

J. M. Fonville, S. H. Wilks, et al, (2014). Antibody landscapes after influenza virus infection or vaccination Science 346(6212):996-1000

Colin A. Russell, Judith M. Fonville, et al, (2012). The Potential for Respiratory Droplet–Transmissible A/H5N1 Influenza Virus to Evolve in a Mammalian Host Science 336(6088):1541-1547